Neonatal Infection Surveillance Network (NeoIN)

Neonatal Infection

Status: Open to Recruitment

Population: Paediatric

Disease Group: Neonatal sepsis

Sponsor: St George’s University of London

Principal Investigator: Professor Paul Heath

Study Aims

The aim of the study is to improve quality of neonatal care by establishing routine neonatal infection surveillance to provide information on the burden of neonatal bacteraemia and antibiotic resistance and their changing patterns over time.  

These data can be used to:

  • Describe the epidemiology of neonatal infections and their antibiotic resistance patterns and its change over time;
  • Monitor the impact of changes in practice;
  • Audit predefined infection-related outcomes;
  • Provide the rationale for / a platform for interventional studies;
  • Allow benchmarking between units and countries.

About the Database

neonIN is a Neonatal Infection Surveillance Network, active since 2004. Its main functions are collecting and storing data about the organisms (bacterial and fungal) causing neonatal infections and their antibiotic/antifungal resistance patterns. It matches anonymised demographic and clinical data to the microbiology information. These data allow the monitoring of infections and clinical practice over time. NeonIN is a platform for national audits and interventional studies. The data collected are available to all the network participants and can be used by the participating units to monitor their own practice, compare themselves with other units and it can be analysed at a national level to inform policy and practice.

neonIN began in 2004 with 4 London neonatal units. Currently, many neonatal units contribute data from the UK, Estonia, Greece and Australia. The numbers of sites and participants continue to increase!

Want to know more or get involved as a research centre?

Contact the study team at:


Study website: